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Common Injuries

This section deals with a number of common injuries.

Sprain

A sprain is damage to a ligament (fibres that connect bones to bones) generally caused by overstretching. Ligaments assist with balance and can often be damaged when our balance is compromised.

  • Common Sprain: Ankle
  • Treatment: First 72 hours - RICE (See: What to do if Injured).
  • After 72 hours - see a specialist
  • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, reduction in movement, bruising.

Strain

  • A strain is damage to the muscle or tendon (connects muscle to bone) generally caused by overstretching or fatigue.
  • Common strain: Hamstring, Achilles
  • Treatment: First 72 hours. RICE (See: What to do if injured).
  • After 72 hours - see a specialist
  • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, cramps, reduction in movement, bruising.

Fracture

A fracture is any break to a bone. These may be closed (beneath the skin) or open (breaking the skin). These are often caused by impact.

  • Common fracture: Fibula, Finger
  • Treatment: Hospital and then specialist treatment
  • Symptoms: Pain, loss of movement.

Dislocation

When two bones meet they form a joint. If one bone breaks from the joint, the joint becomes dislocated.

  • Common dislocation: Shoulder
  • Treatment: Hospital and then specialist treatment. DO NOT TRY TO REPOSITION THE JOINT.
  • Symptoms: Pain, loss of movement.